OOn 13th April 2021, the Fourth Session of the International Online Internship Program, “Contemporary Dynamics of Indonesia” was held. The internship program is jointly organized by the Embassy of Indonesia to Pakistan and the Center for Global & Strategic Studies (CGSS), Islamabad.
The theme of the fourth session was “Indonesian Foreign Policy: Regionalism and Global Security Challenges” and the speaker for this session was Prof. Dinna P. Raharja, Associate Professor in International Relations, BINUS University, Jakarta Prof. Dinna, during her lecture, explained regarding Indonesia and Framework of Regional Political Security Cooperation, Regional Political Security Challenges, and Global Response to the participants. Explaining the fundamental factors contributing to the formulation of Foreign Policy, she highlighted factors including Bureaucratic Patrimonialism, history, and desire of a state to go global.
Prof. Dinna also elaborated ASEAN and its evolution process over the years. According to her, at present ASEAN community aims enforce cooperation in politics and security among members with three main characteristics (ASEAN Vision 2020) which are rules-based community of shared values and norms, cohesive, peaceful, stable, and resilient region with shared responsibility for comprehensive security, and dynamic and outward-looking region in an increasingly integrated and interdependent world.
Furthermore, she explained three fundamental ways to secure national interest which are Multilateralism and Diplomacy, Economic Pressure, and Unilateralism and Arms Proliferation. According to her, if one becomes more important then other two factors get affected. Also, historically the major economies have mostly refused to cooperate.
The session was concluded with His Excellency Adam Mulwaraman Tugio, Ambassador of the Republic of Indonesia to Pakistan’s closing remarks. He briefly talked about ASEAN and how individual states can not be impactful in international arena.
Hence, the integrated approach of the states resulted in formation of ASEAN.
The session was moderated by Ms. Palwasha Nawaz, Project Executive, Center for Global & Strategic Studies (CGSS), Islamabad. Masters and Ph.D. level Students from across Pakistan are a part of this Online International Internship Program. This program will equip them with the knowledge of the contemporary dynamics of Indonesia and its various sectors.