On 1st June 2021, the second session of the Specialized Course “Contemporary Dynamics of Pakistan” was held. The specialized course is jointly organized by the Regional Integration Center (RIC), University of the Punjab, Lahore and the Center for Global & Strategic Studies (CGSS), Islamabad for the foreign diplomats and nationals.
The theme of the second session was “The Brief History of Constitution of Pakistan” and the speaker for this session was Prof. Dr. Aman Ullah Khan, Professor of International Law and Director, Post-Graduate School of Legal Studies, University of the Punjab, Lahore.
During his presentation, Prof. Aman Ullah gave a brief history of colonization. Explaining the colonization process, Prof. Aman Ullah mentioned that East India company came to subcontinent and laid foundation for British Rule. Additionally, in order to extend their colonial power, British established their institutions in colonies.
Furthermore, elaborating the governance system, he mentioned that governance starts with law and order and that justice system is prerequisite to a stable society. Hence, systems and institutions are built in states.
Prof. Aman Ullah also, briefly, explained how Montague-Chelmsford Reforms (1919), facilitated in providing autonomy to the Indians. However, it was Indian Act 1935 which brought the major change which was the actual constitution of India.
In addition to this, Prof. Aman Ullah explained the process of framing new constitution. He then elaborated the making of 1972 Constitution which is federal in nature. According to him, the 1972 Constitution supports the Parliamentary form of government where executive authority of the state lies with the Prime Minister.
The session was moderated by Ms. Palwasha Nawaz, Project Executive, Center for Global & Strategic Studies (CGSS), Islamabad. The course is attended by foreign diplomats and nationals from various regional countries. This course will equip them with the knowledge of the contemporary dynamics of Pakistan and its various sectors.