On 14th June 2021, the eleventh session of the Specialized Course “Contemporary Dynamics of Pakistan” was held. The specialized course is jointly organized by the Regional Integration Center (RIC), University of the Punjab, Lahore and the Center for Global & Strategic Studies (CGSS), Islamabad for foreign diplomats and nationals.
The theme of the eleventh session was “Pakistan’s Regional & International Energy Sector Collaborations”. The speaker for this session was Prof. Dr. Syed Sheraz Daood, Associate Professor, Institute of Energy and Environmental Engineering, University of the Punjab, Lahore.
Prof. Dr. Sheraz discussed Pakistan’s Regional and International Energy Sector Collaborations. The session consisted of basic details, comprising of the six parameters including; energy statistics of Pakistan, energy outlook of Pakistan, international energy collaborations and future potentials, South Asian Association for regional cooperation energy statistics and possible collaborations, strategic decisions in energy sector of Pakistan and successful research collaborations including the key role of Energy Engineering Research and Development Centre.
He spoke that the energy consumption of Pakistan consists of the following sources, starting from the greater consumption order as; biofuels-waste, oil, natural gas, electricity and coal. Therefore, the net energy imports of the country are 530TWh, where the oil products are highest 179 TWh and electricity is lowest 0.56 TWh. According to Dr. Sheraz, the residential sector is the greatest consumer of energy in Pakistan, followed by industry, transport and others. He further explained that during the past fiscal years of 2013 to 2018, gas and especially the oil energy sources have met tremendous increase, taking the overall energy statistics of Pakistan from 58 to 75%.
According to Prof. Dr. Sheraz the power demand of the energy sector can be divided into two sections, first, the self-consumption of energy for building, transport, industry-agriculture and exports. Second, requirement relates to the macro-economic factors of the country i.e. Gross Domestic Product (GDP)-urbanization-socio economic growth and the future capabilities in sustainable energy future goals including. The later directives include electronic vehicles EV, green buildings, factory boilers, smart grids and storage etc.
Prof. Dr. Sheraz discussed on the various international projects and energy collaborations of Pakistan with China, Iran, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Ukraine and Uzbekistan. Furthermore, he highlighted the future investment opportunities for the country by highlighting certain areas. These include; exploration of new oil and gas blocks, off-grid distribution-generation systems, solar and hydel power-energy mix tariff, gas transmission and storage, power interconnectors and Pakistan EV investments.
Explaining the role of Energy Engineering Research and Development Projects role, Dr. Sheraz discussed its partnership in the pipeline projects with China, UK, USA, UAE, Turkey, Malaysia, Indonesia Japan and South Korea.
Prof. Dr. Sheraz briefed about the potential role of Pakistan to tap energy for the underdeveloped as well as the developing countries. According to him, Pakistan is experienced towards energy mixture by utilizing coal through clean conservation technologies, sola PV plant experiences, hydel plants feasibilities etc.
Prof. Dr. Sheraz also signified that for well integrated region in the future it is vital to establish the cross-border power trade, so that the bilateral and multilateral trade meets energy security as well.
In her concluding remarks, Dr. Fouzia Hadi Ali, Director, Regional Integration Center, University of the Punjab, Lahore highlighted the significance of the Online International course. She also invited the participants to visit University of the Punjab, Lahore. Dr. Fouzia Hadi further emphasized that the departments and faculty of University of the Punjab can be instrumental in developing new projects of research and academic collaborations.
She expressed her gratitude to all the participants and highlighted that it has been a learning experience for everyone.
In her closing remarks, Ms. Laraib Fatima Hassan, Communication and Coordination Manager, CGSS stated that it was an enlightening experience to share Pakistan’s history, culture and other dynamics with the participants. She also expressed her gratitude to the guest speakers from the University of the Punjab, Lahore. Ms. Laraib extended her gratitude to the participants from various countries for their active participation and positive feedback throughout the course.
The course was attended by foreign diplomats and nationals from various countries including Azerbaijan , Uzbekistan, Tanzania, Indonesia, South Korea, Taiwan, Philippines, Russia, Ukraine, Iran, Vietnam, Egypt and other countries.
It played a significant role in equipping the participants with knowledge of contemporary dynamics of Pakistan and its various sectors.