Six weeks On-Campus Internship Program for the Under-Grad Students of Bahria University is being organized by Center for Global & Strategic Studies (CGSS), Islamabad.
Dr. Shaheen Akhtar, Professor, Department of International Relations, National Defence University (NDU), Islamabad shared discussed the global environmental politics while analyzing relationship between global political forces and environmental changes.
Dr. Shaheen Akhtar commenced her lecture by defining global environmental politics that examines relationships between Global Political Forces and environmental change. She also discussed the implications of local-global interactions for environmental management as well as the implications of environmental change and environmental governance for world politics.
Dr. Shaheen stated that world is moving from climate change to climate crises. Also, as climate is changing, demand of energy is also increasing. She mentioned the drivers of global environmental politics such as population growth, economic growth, energy intensity and increasing demand for food and energy. She explained the impact of Covid-19 on global emissions. Covid-19 crisis in 2020 triggered the largest annual drop in global energy.
Dr. Shaheen Akhtar stated that the reason behind the climate crises is the depletion of ozone layer and increase of carbon dioxide and other harmful gases from industries. The emerging markets and developing economies now account for more than two-third of global carbon dioxide emissions, while emissions in advanced economies is a structural decline, despite an anticipated 4% rebound in 2021.
Dr. Shaheen stated that the current centerpieces for multilateral action for environmental governance includes United Nations Framework Convention on climate change (UNFCCC), (1992) Kyoto protocol (1997),The Ball Action Plan 2007.She suggested that developed countries should continue to take the lead by undertaking absolute economy-wide reduction targets, while developing countries should continue enhancing their mitigation efforts, and are encouraged to move toward economy-wide targets overtone in the light of different national circumstances. She praised the initiatives of Russia which will reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 36% in 2050. The challenge is to push climate action forward as rapidly as possible. Furthermore, the major powers have the resources, highly educated workforce, and technology to develop low cost, low carbon solutions and spread them around the world.
The lecture was followed by an interactive session which was moderated by Mr. Nauman Ali, student of 8th semester, Bahria University Islamabad and CGSS intern.